Ondara

Ondara is a municipality of the Valencian Community , Spain . Located in the northeast of the province of Alicante , in the region of the Marina Alta . It has 6,613 inhabitants ( INE 2013 ).
 
Geography
It is located to the northeast of the region of the Marina Alta , in the pre-coastal depression of the north of the Valencian pre-Hispanic. The foothills of the Sierra de Segaria, in the north of the area, are the only elevations of its territory, otherwise quite flat. It crosses the ravine of the Fusta and the rivers Verde and Girona that begins to build its delta downstream of the town.
 
The main urban nucleus is 4 km away. of the Mediterranean coast on the banks of the Girona River . Its municipal term (without access to the coast) is practically flat, with the exception of the Sierra de Segaria (370 m.), Located in the northwest part of the municipality.
 
Its municipal term limits with those of Beniarbeig , Benimeli , Denia , Pedreguer and Vergel .
 
It has a typically Mediterranean climate, with mild winters and hot summers, with an average annual temperature of 18 ° C.
 
History
The first vestiges of human settlements near Ondara are located in the caves of Colom and Corb ( paleolithic medium) and cave Fosca ( eneolítico ) in the Sierra de Segaria, and on the summit of this, with an Iberian settlement.
 
On the different theories that would explain the ONDARA place- name , it seems that Professor Manuel Sanchis Guarner's is the most rigorous. According to him, it would come from ONDAR , an Iberian word meaning sand. Special interest, due to its proximity to the current urban area and linked to the arrival of Roman settlers in Dénia, the appearance of several villas, necropolis and Roman ceramics in the games of Pla de la Font , Pujades and Vinyals , where they have recovered many vestiges.
 
Both the town (called then Ondia ) and its castle are of Muslim origin. There is documentary finding that the Cid temporarily occupied the castle, where threatened in 1089 the city of Denia , which belonged at that time the king of Lleida of the dynasty hudí Al Mundhir al-hayib .
 
Later, it was attacked by Alfonso I the Battler in the course of his military expedition through Andalusia in 1125 .
 
However, it is King Jaime I of Aragon who entered the place on June 6, 1244 and annexed it to the Kingdom of Valencia . During this time, the town belonged, sometimes to the kings, others to different particular gentlemen, like Berenguer de Pablo, Pedro Episcopal, etc. In the year 1323 , King Jaime II gave his son Pedro, Infante de Aragón , population and term .
 
Carta puebla de Ondara of the year 1611. Archive of the Kingdom of Valencia .
At the beginning of the XVI century, Ondara will be the scene of some warlike passages of the war of the Germanias ( 1520 - 1523 ). They were Vicente Peris , leader of the agermanado movement, and the Marquis de Zenete , brother of Diego Hurtado de Mendoza, viceroy of Valencia, for the other side.
 
The population remained predominantly of Islamic religion until the expulsion of the Moors in 1609 , after which the population increased from 1,000 to 200 inhabitants. New settlers from other places in the region and the Balearic Islands then came to fill the demographic vacuum produced.
 
The seventeenth century will be a period of slow demographic and economic recovery, with some outbreaks of bubonic plague, until the War of Succession , where his active participation in favor of the Archduke Charles of Austria, it was, after the defeat, a revenge by the Bourbon troops. Ondara was burned and looted.
 
The cultivation of the raisin was the engine of the urban growth of the 19th century, which was interrupted by the epidemic of phylloxera at the beginning of the 20th century ; this ended the local economy and condemned the waverenses to emigration, especially to Argentina and to the French Algeria .
 
Demography
It has a population of 6,657 inhabitants ( INE 2012 census ), 13.36% of which is of foreign nationality. 1
 
Economy
 
The bell tower is one of the symbols of Ondara.
 
The Prado Market is an important reference of the town.
 
The municipal pool of Ondara.
Its economy is basically agricultural ( citrus ), but its proximity to important tourist centers ( Denia , Jávea ...) makes the services sector play an important role . The wicker and straw crafts are, as in the neighboring towns of Gata de Gorgos and Pedreguer , a real industry.
 
Monuments and Places of interest
Clock tower . It is the only tower that remains standing of the four that counted the old Muslim castle of Ondara. It houses the town clock, with an impressive mechanism from the beginning of the century and an artistic bell tower.
 
City Hall . The building, erected in the first half of the seventeenth century by the Franciscans minimum on a plot given by the Marquis of Guadalest, is square, with a central cloister, and is the convent, properly speaking, or house of the friars .
 
Convento . It is a building that dates from the seventeenth century, a little defined and simple style. Historically referred to as Convent of the Immaculate Conception, in reality it is the church of the adjoining convent, today City Hall. At present it keeps the image of the Virgin of the Solitude, employer of Ondara. It was founded by the order of the minimum Franciscans, who occupied it until the confiscation, in the middle of the 19th century.
Parochial Church . It is the headquarters of the Parish of Santa Ana. Building built in the second half of the 16th century, it has been recently rehabilitated. It does not have a defined style.
 
Plaza de Toros . It was built between the end of the last century and the beginning of the current one with some elements of arabesque style and with a solid structure of masonry and mortar. Inaugurated on October 28, 1901, it was almost completely destroyed in the Spanish Civil War and rebuilt in 1957.
The Azud . It is a small stone dam, of Muslim origin. Cool place in summer thanks to the elms that cross the edge of the ravine, and leisure for the little ones. It has been repopulated with birds such as ducks, geese and geese, although currently they are not seen often.
Public Park Segaria . Municipal recreational area of ​​94,000 m² located in the Sierra de Segaria. Built with European funds in 1996, it has the essential elements to spend an ideal day outdoors. Access is through a rural road, to the right of the local road from Puente del Vergel to Beniarbeig.
 
Parties
Festivities . The second weekend of July is celebrated in honor of the Virgen de la Soledad . It is the most important religious festival of the town and of a great renown in the region.
San Jaime . They are popular festivals and the most participatory. They are organized by the City Council. The main acts are the entrances of bulls, from the Calle Mayor to the Plaza de Toros.
 
Coordinates: 38°49'37 "N 0°01'03"W
Total Population (2018): 6 815 hab.
Density: 647.36 hab./km²
Demonym: Ondarense
Total Area: 10.41 km²
Elevation: 36 meters
Official Language(s): Valencian
Postal Code: 03760
 
 
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